Electrical Engineering 3rd year with Reference Books:AKTU Syllabus


SYLLABUS : Bachelor of Electrical Engineering

3rd Year (V & VI Semester)

(Effective from Session 2015-2016)



[Effective from Session 20015-16]


S. No.


Subject Code


Name of Subject

Maximum Marks
1 NEE-501 Elements Of Power System 100
2. NEE-502 Power Electronics 100
3. NEE-503 Control System 100
4. NEE-504 Microprocessor & Its Applications 100
5. NEC-508 Fundamentals of E.M. Theory 50
6. NHU-501 Engineering Economics 50
7 NEE-551 Power Electronics Lab 50
8 NEE-552 Control System Lab 50
9 NEE-553 Microprocessor Lab 50
10 NEE-554 Simulation Based Minor Project 50
11 NGP-501 General Proficiency 50




Power System Components:

Single line Diagram of Power system, Brief description of power system Elements: Synchronous machine, transformer, transmission line, bus bar, circuit breaker and isolator.

Supply System:

Different kinds of supply system and their comparison, choice of transmission voltage.

Transmission Lines:

Configurations, types of conductors, resistance of line, skin effect, Kelvin’s law. Proximity effect.



Over Head Transmission Lines:

Calculation of inductance and capacitance of single phase, three phase, single circuit and double circuit

transmission lines, Representation and performance of short, medium and long transmission lines, Ferranti effect. Surge impedance loading.


Corona and Interference:

Phenomenon of corona, corona formation, calculation of potential gradient, corona loss, factors affecting corona, methods of reducing corona and interference. Electrostatic and electromagnetic interference with communication lines.

Overhead line Insulators:

Type of insulators and their applications, potential distribution over a string of insulators, methods of equalizing the potential, string efficiency.


Mechanical Design of transmission line:

Catenary curve, calculation of sag & tension, effects of wind and ice loading, sag template, vibration dampers

Insulated cables:

Type of cables and their construction, dielectric stress, grading of cables, insulation resistance, capacitance of single phase and three phase cables, dielectric loss, heating of cables.



Neutral grounding:

Necessity of neutral grounding, various methods of neutral grounding, earthing transformer, grounding practices.

Electrical Design of Transmission Line:

Design consideration of EHV transmission lines, choice of voltage, number of circuits, conductor configuration, insulation design, selection of ground wires.

EHV AC and HVDC Transmission:

Introduction to EHV AC and HVDC transmission lines.




Power semiconductor Devices:

Power semiconductor devices their symbols and static characteristics, specifications of switches, types of power electronic circuits,Operation, steady state & switch characteristics & switching limits of Power Transistor Operation and steady state characteristics of Power MOSFET and IGBT.

Thyristor – Operation V- I characteristics, two transistor model, methods of turn-on Operation of GTO, MCT and TRIAC.


Power Semiconductor Devices (Contd.):

Protection of devices, Series and parallel operation of thyristors Commutation techniques of thyristor.

DC-DC Converters:

Principles of step-down chopper, step down chopper with R-L load Principle of step-up chopper, and operation with RL load, classification of choppers and their various applications.


Phase Controlled Converters:

Single phase half wave controlled rectifier with resistive and inductive loads, effect of freewheeling diode. Single phase fully controlled and half controlled bridge converters. Performance Parameters. Three phase half wave converters, three phase fully controlled and half controlled bridge converters, Effect of source impedance Single phase and three phase dual converters.


AC Voltage Controllers:

Principle of On-Off and phase controls Single phase ac voltage controller with resistive and inductive loads Three phase ac voltage controllers (various configurations and comparison only) Single phase transformer taps changer, industrial applications.

Cyclo Converters:

Basic principle of operation, single phase to single phase, three phase to single phase and three phase to three phase cyclo converters, output voltage equation and their applications.



Single phase series resonant inverter, Single phase bridge inverters, Three phase bridge inverters. Voltage control of inverters, Harmonics reduction techniques, Single phase and three phase current source inverters.




The Control System:

Open loop & closed control; servomechanism, Physical examples. Transfer functions, Block diagram algebra, Signal flow graph, Mason’s gain formula Reduction of parameter variation and effects of disturbance by using negative feedback.


Time Response analysis:

Standard test signals, time response of first and second order systems, time response specifications, steady state errors and error constants. Design specifications of second order systems: Derivative error, derivative output, integral error and PID compensations, design considerations for higher order systems, performance indices.


Control System Components:

Constructional and working concept of ac servomotor, synchros and stepper motor.

Stability and Algebraic Criteria: concept of stability and necessary conditions, Routh-Hurwitz criteria and limitations.

Root Locus Technique:

The root locus concepts, construction of root loci.


Frequency response Analysis: Frequency response, correlation between time and frequency responses, polar and inverse polar plots, Bode plots.

Stability in Frequency Domain:

Nyquist stability criterion, assessment of relative stability: gain margin and phase margin, constant M&N circles



Introduction to Design:

The design problem and preliminary considerations lead, lag and lead-lag networks, design of closed loop systems using compensation techniques in time domain and frequency domain.

Review of state variable technique:

Review of state variable technique, conversion of state variable model to transfer function model and vice-versa, diagonalization, Controllability and observability and their testing.



Introduction to Digital Computer and Microprocessor:

Digital Computers: General architecture and brief description of elements, instruction execution, instruction format, and instruction set, addressing modes, programming system, higher lever languages.

Buses and CPU Timings: Bus size and signals, machine cycle timing diagram, instruction timing, processor timing.

Microprocessor and Microprocessor Development Systems: Evolution of Microprocessor, Microprocessor architecture and its operations, memory, inputs-outputs (I/Os), data transfer schemes interfacing devices, architecture advancements of microprocessors, typical microprocessor development system.


8-bit Microprocessors.

8085 microprocessor: pin configuration, internal architecture. Timing & Signals: control and status, interrupt: ALU, machine cycles,

Instruction Set of 8085:

Addressing Modes: Register addressing, direct addressing; register indirect addressing, immediate addressing, and implicit addressing. Instruction format, op-codes, mnemonics, no. of bytes, RTL, variants, no. of machine cycles and T states, addressing modes.

Instruction Classification: Data transfer, arithmetic operations, logical operations, branching operation, machine control; Writing assembly Language programs, Assember directives.


16-bit Microprocessors: Architecture:

Architecture of INTEL 8086 (Bus Interface Unit, Execution unit), register organization, memory addressing, memory segmentation, Operating Modes

Instruction Set of 8086

Addressing Modes: Instruction format: Discussion on instruction Set: Groups: data transfer, arithmetic, logic string, branch control transfer, processor control.

Interrupts: Hardware and software interrupts, responses and types.


Fundamental of Programming: development of algorithms, flowcharts in terms of structures,(series, parallel, if-then-else etc.)

Assembler Level Programming: memory space allocation (mother board and user program) Assembler level programs (ASMs).


Peripheral Interfacing:

I/O programming: Programmed I/O, Interrupt Driven I/O, DMA I/O interface: serial and parallel communication, memory I/O mapped I/Os. Peripheral Devices: 8237 DMA controller, 8255- Programmable peripheral interface, 8253/8254 Programmable timer/counter. 8259 programmable Interrupt Controller.




Review of Vector analysis, Rectangular, Cylindrical and Spherical coordinates and their transformation, divergence, gradient and curl in different coordinate systems, Electric field intensity, Electric Flux density, Energy and potential.


Current and conductors, Dielectrics and capacitance, Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations.


Steady magnetic field, magnetic forces, materials and inductance, Time varying field and Maxwell’s equation.


Uniform Plane waves, Plane wave reflection and dispersion.







Text Books Reference Books
1.W. D. Stevenson, “Element of Power System Analysis”, McGraw Hill,

2.C. L. Wadhwa, “Electrical Power Systems” New age international Ltd. Third Edition

3.Asfaq Hussain, “’Power System”, CBS Publishers and Distributors,

4.B. R. Gupta, “Power System Analysis and Design” Third Edition, S. Chand & Co.

5.M. V. Deshpande, “Electrical Power System Design” Tata Mc Graw Hill.

6.Soni, Gupta & Bhatnagar, “A Course in Electrical Power”, Dhanpat Rai & sons,

7.S. L. Uppal, “Electric Power”, Khanna Publishers

8.S.N.Singh, “ Electric Power Generation, Transmission& distribution.” PHI Learning


Text Books: Reference Books:
1.M.H. Rashid,“Power Electronics: Circuits, Devices & Applications”, Prentice Hall of India Ltd. 3rd Edition,2004.

2.M.D. Singh and K.B.Khanchandani, “Power Electronics”Tata MC Graw Hill, 2005

3.V.R. Moorthy, “ Power Electronics : Devices, Circuits and Industrial Applications” Oxford University Press.


4.M.S. Jamil Asghar, “Power Electronics” Prentice Hall of India Ltd.

5.Chakrabarti & Rai, “Fundamentals of Power Electronics &Drives”Dhanpat Rai & Sons.

6.Ned Mohan, T.M.Undeland and W.P.Robbins, “Power Electronics:Converters, Applications and Design”, Wiley India Ltd,2008.

7.S.N.Singh, “A Text Book of Power Electronics” Dhanpat Rai & Sons.


Text Books: Reference Books:
1.Nagrath & Gopal, “Control System Engineering”, New age International.

2.K. Ogata, “Modern Control Engineering”, Prentice Hall of India.

3.B.C. Kuo & Farid Golnaraghi, “Automatic Control System” Wiley India Ltd.

4.D.Roy Choudhary, “Modern Control Engineering”, Prentice Hall of India.


5.Norman S. Mise, Control System Engineering , Wiley Publishing Co.

6.Ajit K Mandal, “Introduction to Control Engineering” New Age International.

7.R.T. Stefani, B.Shahian, C.J.Savant and G.H. Hostetter, “Design of Feedback Control Systems” Oxford University Press.

8.Samarjit Ghosh, “ Control Systems theory and Applications”, Pearson Education.

Text Books: Reference Books:
1.Gaonkar, Ramesh S, “Microprocessor Architecture, programming and applications with the

8085” Pen ram International Publishing 5th Ed.

2. Uffenbeck, John, “Microcomputers and Microprocessors” PHI/ 3rd Edition.

3.Ray, A.K. & Burchandi, K.M., “Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals: Architecture, Programaming and Interfacing” Tata Mc. Graw Hill.

4.Krishna Kant, “Microprocessors and Microcontrollers” PHI Learning.


5.Brey, Barry B. “INTEL Microprocessors” Prentice Hall ( India)

6.ADitya P Mathur, “Introduction to Microprocessor” Tata Mc Graw Hill

7.M. Rafiquzzaman, “Microprocessors- Theory and applications” PHI

8.B. Ram, “Advanced Microprocessor & Interfacing” Tata McGraw Hill

9.Renu Singh & B.P.Singh, “Microprocessor and Interfacing and applications” New Age International

10.N. Senthil Kumar, “Microprocessors and Microcontroller”,

Oxford University Press.

11.Liu and Gibson G.A., “Microcomputer Systems: The 8086/8088 Family” Prentice Hall (India).


Text Books: Reference Books:
1. Hayt, W.H. and Buck, J.A., “Engineering Electromagnetic” Tata Mc.Graw Hill Publishing

2. Mathew Sadiku, “Electromagnetic Field Theory”, Oxford University Press.


3. Jordan E.C. and Balmain K.G., “Electromagnetic Wave and radiating Systems” Prentice Hall International , 2nd Edition.

4. Kraus, F. “Electromagnetic” Tata Mc. Graw Hill 5th Edition.

5. Ramo S, Whinnery T.R. and Vanduzer T, “Field and Waves in Communication Electronics” John Wiely and Sons 3rd Edition






Note: The minimum of 10 experiments is to be performed out of which at least three should be software based.

  1. To study V-I characteristics of SCR and measure latching and holding currents.
  2. To study UJT trigger circuit for half wave and full wave control.
  3. To study single-phase half wave controlled rectified with (i) resistive load (ii) inductive load with and without free wheeling diode.
  4. To study single phase (i) fully controlled (ii) half controlled bridge rectifiers with resistive and inductive loads.
  5. To study three-phase fully/half controlled bridge rectifier with resistive and inductive loads.
  6. To study single-phase ac voltage regulator with resistive and inductive loads.
  7. To study single phase cyclo-converter.
  8. To study triggering of (i) IGBT (ii) MOSFET (iii) power transistor
  9. To study operation of IGBT/MOSFET chopper circuit
  10. To study MOSFET/IGBT based single-phase series-resonant inverter.
  11. To study MOSFET/IGBT based single-phase bridge inverter.

Software based experiments (PSPICE/MATLAB)

  1. To obtain simulation of SCR and GTO thyristor.
  2. To obtain simulation of Power Transistor and IGBT.
  3. To obtain simulation of single phase fully controlled bridge rectifier and draw load voltage and load current waveform for inductive load.
  4. To obtain simulation of single phase full wave ac voltage controller and draw load voltage and load current waveforms for inductive load.
  5. To obtain simulation of step down dc chopper with L-C output filter for inductive load and determine steady-state values of output voltage ripples in output voltage and load current.

Text/Reference Books:

  1. M.H.Rashid, “Power Electronics: Circuits, Devices and Applications”, 3rd Edition, prentice Hall of India.
  2. D.W. Hart, “Introduction to power Electronics” Prentice hall Inc.
  3. Randal Shaffer, “Fundamentals of Power Electronics with MATLAB” Firewall Media.


Note: The minimum of 10 experiments are to be performed from the following, out of which at least three should be software based.

  1. To determine response of first order and second order systems for step input for various values of constant ’K’ using linear simulator unit and compare theoretical and practical results.
  2. To study P, PI and PID temperature controller for an oven and compare their performance.
  3. To study and calibrate temperature using resistance temperature detector (RTD).
  4. To design Lag, Lead and Lag-Lead compensators using Bode plot.
  5. To study DC position control system.
  6. To study synchro-transmitter and receiver and obtain output vs input characteristics.
  7. To determine speed-torque characteristics of an ac servomotor.
  8. To study performance of servo voltage stabilizer at various loads using load bank.
  9. To study behavior of separately excited dc motor in open loop and closed loop conditions at various loads.

Software based experiments (Use MATLAB, LABVIEW software etc.)

  1. To simulate PID controller for transportation lag.
  2. To determine time domain response of a second order system for step input and obtain performance parameters.
  3. To convert transfer function of a system into state space form and vice-versa.
  4. To plot root locus diagram of an open loop transfer function and determine range of gain ‘k’ for stability.
  5. To plot a Bode diagram of an open loop transfer function.
  6. To draw a Nyquist plot of an open loop transfers functions and examine the stability of the closed loop system.

Reference Books:

  1. K.Ogata,“Modern Control Engineering” Prentice Hall of India.
  2. Norman S.Nise, “Control System Engineering”, John Wiley & Sons.
  3. M.Gopal, “Control Systems: Principles & Design” Tata Mc Graw Hill.


  1. Study Experiments
  2. To study 8085 based microprocessor system
  3. To study 8086 and 8086A based microprocessor system
  4. To study Pentium Processor
  5. Programming based Experiments (any four)
  6. To develop and run a program for finding out the largest/smallest number from a given set of numbers.
  7. To develop and run a program for arranging in ascending/descending order of a set of numbers
  8. To perform multiplication/division of given numbers
  9. To perform conversion of temperature from 0F to 0C and vice-versa
  10. To perform computation of square root of a given number
  11. To perform floating point mathematical operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division)
  12. Interfacing based Experiments (any four)
  13. To obtain interfacing of RAM chip to 8085/8086 based system
  14. To obtain interfacing of keyboard controller
  15. To obtain interfacing of DMA controller
  16. To obtain interfacing of PPI
  17. To obtain interfacing of UART/USART
  18. To perform microprocessor based stepper motor operation through 8085 kit
  19. To perform microprocessor based traffic light control
  20. To perform microprocessor based temperature control of hot water.






































[Effective from Session 20015-16]


S. No.


Subject Code


Name of Subject

Maximum Marks
1 NEE-601 Power System Analysis 100
2. NEE-602 Switchgear & Protection 100
3. NEE-603 Special Electric Machine 100
4. NEE-011 / NEE-014 *Departmental Elective-I 100
5. NEE-021 / NEE-024 **Departmental Elective-II 50
6. NHU-601 Industrial Management 50
7 NEE-651 Power System Lab 50
8 NEE-652 Electrical CAD Lab 50
9 NEE-653 Minor Project 50
10 NEE-654 Seminar 50
11 NGP-501 General Proficiency 50
*Departmental Elective-I

NEE – 011: Digital Control System

NEE – 012: Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing

NEE – 013: Neural Networks and Fuzzy System

NEE – 014: Power Theft and Energy Management

**Departmental Elective-II

NEE – 021: High Voltage Engineering

NEE -022: Intelligent Instrumentation

NEE -023: Conventional & CAD of Electrical Machines

NEE -024: Smart Energy Delivery Systems




Representation of Power System Components:

Synchronous machines, Transformers, Transmission lines, One line diagram, Impedance and reactance diagram, per unit System.

Symmetrical components:

Symmetrical Components of unbalanced phasors, power in terms of symmetrical components, sequence impedances and sequence networks.


Symmetrical fault analysis:

Transient in R-L series circuit, calculation of 3-phase short circuit current and reactance of synchronous machine, internal voltage of loaded machines under transient conditions

Unsymmetrical faults:

Analysis of single line to ground fault, line-to-line fault and Double Line to ground fault on an unloaded generators and power system network with and without fault impedance. Formation of Zbus using singular transformation and algorithm, computer method for short circuit calculations.


Load Flows:

Introduction, bus classifications, nodal admittance matrix (YBUS ), development of load flow equations, load flow solution using Gauss Siedel and Newton-Raphson method, approximation to N-R method, line flow equations and fast decoupled method.


Power System Stability:

Stability and Stability limit, Steady state stability study, derivation of Swing equation, transient stability studies by equal area criterion and step-by-step method. Factors affecting steady state and transient stability and methods of improvement.


Traveling Waves:

Wave equation for uniform Transmission lines, velocity of propagation, surge impedance, reflection and transmission of traveling waves under different line loadings. Bewlay’s lattice diagram, protection of equipments and line against traveling waves.



Introduction to Protection System:

Introduction to protection system and its elements, functions of protective relaying, protective zones, primary and backup protection, desirable qualities of protective relaying, basic terminology.


Electromagnetic, attracted and induction type relays, thermal relay, gas actuated relay, design considerations of electromagnetic relay.


Relay Application and Characteristics:

Amplitude and phase comparators, over current relays, directional relays, distance relays, differential relay.

Static Relays:

Comparison with electromagnetic relay, classification and their description, over current relays, directional relay, distance relays, differential relay.


Protection of Transmission Line:

Over current protection, distance protection, pilot wire protection, carrier current protection, protection of bus, auto re-closing,


Circuit Breaking:

Properties of arc, arc extinction theories, re-striking voltage transient, current chopping, resistance switching, capacitive current interruption, short line interruption, circuit breaker ratings.

Testing Of Circuit Breaker:

Classification, testing station and equipments, testing procedure, direct and indirect testing.


Apparatus Protection:

Protection of Transformer, generator and motor.

Circuit Breaker:

Operating modes, selection of circuit breakers, constructional features and operation of Bulk Oil, Minimum Oil, Air Blast, SF6, Vacuum and d. c. circuit breakers.



Poly-phase AC Machines:

Construction and performance of double cage and deep bar three phase induction motors; e.m.f. injection in rotor circuit of slip ring induction motor, concept of constant torque and constant power controls, static slip power recovery control schemes (constant torque and constant power).


Single phase Induction Motors:

Construction, starting characteristics and applications of split phase, capacitor start, capacitor run, capacitor-start capacitor-run and shaded pole motors.

Two Phase AC Servomotors:

Construction, torque-speed characteristics, performance and applications.

UNIT-III Stepper Motors:

Principle of operation, variable reluctance, permanent magnet and hybrid stepper motors, characteristics, drive circuits and applications.

Switched Reluctance Motors:

Construction; principle of operation; torque production, modes of operation, drive circuits.


Permanent Magnet Machines:

Types of permanent magnets and their magnetization characteristics, demagnetizing effect, permanent magnet dc motors, sinusoidal PM ac motors, brushless dc motors and their important features and applications, PCB motors. Single phase synchronous motor; construction, operating principle and characteristics of reluctance and hysteresis motors; introduction to permanent magnet generators and applications


Single Phase Commutator Motors:

Construction, principle of operation, characteristics of universal and repulsion motors ; Linear Induction Motors. Construction, principle of operation, Linear force, and applications.






Signal Processing in Digital Control:

Basic digital control system, advantages of digital control and implementation problems, basic discrete time signals, z-transform and inverse z-transform, modeling of sample- hold circuit., pulse transfer function, solution of difference equation by z-Transform method.


Design of Digital Control Algorithms:

Steady state accuracy, transient response and frequency response specifications, digital compensator design using frequency response plots and root locus plots.


State Space Analysis and Design:

State space representation of digital control system, conversion of state variable models to transfer functions and vice versa, solution of state difference equations, controllability and observability, design of digital control system with state feedback.


Stability of Discrete System:

Stability on the z-plane and Jury stability criterion, bilinear transformation, Routh stability criterion on rth plane.

Lyapunov’s Stability in the sense of Lyapunov, stability theorems for continuous and discrete systems, stability analysis using Lyapunov’s method.


Optimal digital control :

Discrete Euler Lagrange equation, max. min. principle, optimality & Dynamic programming, Different types of problem and their solutions.




Discrete-Time Signals And Systems:

Sequences, discrete time systems, LTI systems, frequency domain representation of discrete time signals and systems, discrete time signals and frequency domain representation, Fourier Transform.

Discrete Fourier Transform:

Discrete Fourier transforms, properties, linear convolution using DFT, DCT.


Sampling of Continuous Time Signals:

Sampling and reconstruction of signals, frequency domain representation of sampling, discrete time processing of continuous time signals, continuous time processing of discrete time signals, changing the sampling rate using discrete time processing, multi rate signal processing, digital processing of analog signals, over sampling and noise shaping in A/D and D/A conversion.


Transform Analysis of LTI Systems:

Frequency response of LTI systems, system functions, frequency response for rational system functions, magnitude-phase relationship, all pass systems, minimum phase systems, and linear systems with generalized linear phase. Overview of finite precision numerical effects, effects of coefficient quantization, Effects of round-off noise in digital filters, zero-input limit cycles in fixed point realizations of IIR digital filters.


Filter Design Techniques:

Design of D-T IIR filters from continuous – time filters, design of FIR filters by windowing, Kaiser Window method, optimum approximations of FIR filters, FIR equi-ripple approximation.


Efficient computation of the DFT:

Goertzel algorithm, decimation in time and decimation in frequency, FFT algorithm, practical considerations, implementation of the DFT using convolution, effects of finite register length.

Fourier Analysis of Signals Using DFT :

DFT analysis of sinusoidal signals, time-dependent Fourier transforms: Block convolution, Fourier analysis of non – stationary and stationary random signals, spectrum analysis of random signals using estimates of the autocorrelation sequence.




Neural Networks-1(Introduction & Architecture)

Neuron, Nerve structure and synapse, Artificial Neuron and its model, activation functions, Neural network architecture: single layer and multilayer feed forward networks, recurrent networks. Various learning techniques; perception and convergence rule, Auto-associative and hetro-associative memory.



Neural Networks-II (Back propagation networks)

Architecture: perceptron model, solution, single layer artificial neural network, multilayer perception model; back propagation learning methods, effect of learning rule co-efficient ;back propagation algorithm, factors affecting back propagation training, applications.


Fuzzy Logic-I (Introduction)

Basic concepts of fuzzy logic, Fuzzy sets and Crisp sets, Fuzzy set theory and operations, Properties of fuzzy sets, Fuzzy and Crisp relations, Fuzzy to Crisp conversion.


Fuzzy Logic –II (Fuzzy Membership, Rules)

Membership functions, interference in fuzzy logic, fuzzy if-then rules, Fuzzy implications and Fuzzy algorithms, Fuzzyfications & Defuzzificataions, Fuzzy Controller, Industrial applications.


Fuzzy Neural Networks:

L-R Type fuzzy numbers, fuzzy neutron, fuzzy back propogation (BP), architecture, learning in fuzzy BP, inference by fuzzy BP, applications.




Introduction: Energy sources, Energy demand and supply, Energy crisis, Future scenario, Menace of power theft, reasons for power pilferage, electricity loss and theft-National and Global scenario, Security seals and tampering, harmonics and power theft, Control Over power theft.


Power Theft in Electro-mechanical Meters:

Power theft in Voltage circuit, bypassing meters, drilling holes on Electro-mechanical Meters, Insertion of film into meter, partial earth fault tampering, Missing Neutral Method.

Power Theft in Electronic Meters:

Power theft by means of Electrostatic Discharge, by tampering printed circuit board, by tampering the frequency circuit, tampering on display circuits of energy meter, Introducing limit switch.


Energy system efficiency, Energy conservation aspects, Instrumentation and measurements.

Principles of Energy Management and Energy Audit:

General principles, Planning and program, Introduction to energy audit, General methodology, Site surveys, Energy systems survey, Energy audit, Instrumentation, Analysis of data and results.


Electrical Load and Lighting Management: General principles, Illumination and human comfort, Lighting systems, Equipment’s, Electrical systems, Electrical load analysis, Peak load controls.

Demand Side Management: Concept and Scope of Demand Side Management, Evolution of Demand Side Management, DSM Strategy ,Planning, Implementation and its application. Customer Acceptance & its implementation issues. National and International Experiences with DSM.





Break Down In Gases:

Ionization processes, Townsend’s criterion, breakdown in electronegative gases, time lags for breakdown, streamer theory, Paschen’s law, break down in non-uniform field, breakdown in vacuum.

Break Down In Liquid Dielectrics:

Classification of liquid dielectric, characteristic of liquid dielectric, breakdown in pure liquid and commercial liquid.

Break Down In Solid Dielectrics:

Intrinsic breakdown, electromechanical breakdown, breakdown of solid, dielectric in practice, breakdown in composite dielectrics.


Generation of High Voltages and Currents:

Generation of high direct current voltages, generation of high alternating voltages,  generation of impulse voltages, generation of impulse currents, tripping and control of impulse generators.


Measurement of High Voltages and Currents:

Measurement of high direct current voltages, measurement of high alternating and impulse voltages, measurement of high direct, alternating and impulse currents, Cathode Ray Oscillographs for impulse voltage and current measurements.


Non-Destructive Testing:

Measurement of direct current resistively, measurement of dielectric constant and loss factor, partial discharge measurements.

High Voltage Testing:

Testing of insulators and bushings, testing of isolators and circuit breakers, testing of cables, testing of transformers, testing of surge arresters, radio interference measurements.



UNIT – 1& 2

  1. Introduction: Introduction to Intelligent Instrumentation:

Historical Perspective, current status, software based instruments.

  1. Virtual Instrumentation:

Introduction to graphical programming, data flow & graphical programming techniques, advantage of VI techniques, VIs and sub-VIs loops and charts , arrays, clusters and graphs, case and sequence structures, formula nodes, string and file I/O, Code Interface Nodes and DLL links.


  1. Data Acquisition Methods: Analog and Digital IO, Counters, Timers, basic ADC designs, interfacing methods of DAQ hardware, software structure, use of simple and intermediate VIs. Use of Data Sockets for Networked Communication and Controls.


  1. PC Hardware Review & Instrumentation Buses: Structure, timing, interrupts, DMA, operating system, ISA, PCI, USB, PCMCIA buses. IEEE488.1 & 488.2 Serial Interfacing – RS232C, RS422, RS423, RS485; USB, VXI, SCXI, PXI.




Basic Considerations:

Basic concept of design, limitation in design, standardization, modern trends in design and manufacturing techniques, Classification of insulating materials. Calculation of total mmf and magnetizing current. Transformer Design: Output equation design of core, yoke and windings, overall dimensions, Computation of no load current to voltage regulation, efficiency and cooling system designs.


Design of rotating machines – I:

Output equations of rotating machines, specific electric and magnetic loadings, factors affecting size of rotating machines, separation of main dimensions, selection of frame size. Core and armature design of dc and 3-phase ac machines.


Design of rotating machines – II:

Rotor design of three phase induction motors. Design of field system of DC machine and synchronous machines. Estimation of performance from design data.


Computer Aided Design:

Philosophy of computer aided design, advantages and limitations. Computer aided design approaches analysis, synthesis and hybrid methods. Concept of optimization and its general procedure. Flow charts and ‘c’ based computer programs for the design of transformer, dc machine, three phase induction and synchronous machines.




Introduction to Smart Grid: Evolution of Electric Grid, Concept of Smart Grid, Definitions, Need of Smart Grid, Functions of Smart Grid, Opportunities & Barriers of Smart Grid, Difference between conventional & smart grid, Concept of Resilient & Self Healing Grid, Present development & International policies in Smart Grid. Case study of Smart Grid. CDM opportunities in Smart Grid.


Smart Grid Technologies: Part 1:

Introduction to Smart Meters, Real Time Prizing, Smart Appliances, Automatic Meter Reading(AMR), Outage Management System(OMS), Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles(PHEV), Vehicle to Grid, Smart Sensors, Home & Building Automation, Phase Shifting Transformers.


Smart Grid Technologies: Part 2: Smart Substations, Substation Automation, Feeder Automation. Geographic Information System(GIS), Intelligent Electronic Devices(IED) & their application for monitoring & protection, Smart storage like Battery, SMES, Pumped Hydro, Compressed Air Energy Storage, Wide Area Measurement System(WAMS), Phase Measurement Unit(PMU).


Microgrids and Distributed Energy Resources: Concept of microgrid, need & applications of microgrid, formation of microgrid, Issues of interconnection, protection & control of microgrid. Plastic & Organic solar cells, thin film solar cells, Variable speed wind generators, fuel cells, microturbines, Captive power plants, Integration of renewable energy sources.

Text Books: Reference Books:
1.W.D. Stevenson, Jr. “ Elements of Power System Analysis”, Mc Graw Hill.

2.C.L. Wadhwa, “Electrical Power System”, New Age International.

3.Chakraborthy, Soni,Gupta & Bhatnagar, “Power System Engineering”, Dhanpat Rai & Co.

4.T.K Nagsarkar & M.S. Sukhija, “Power System Analysis” Oxford University Press,2007.


5.O.I. Elgerd, “Electric Energy System Theory” Tata McGraw Hill.

6. Hadi Sadat; “Power System Analysis”, Tata McGraw Hill.

7. D.Das, “ Electrical Power Systems” New Age International.

8.J.D. Glover, M.S. Sharma & T.J.Overbye, “Power System Analysis and Design” Thomson.

9. P.S.R. Murthy “ Power System Analysis” B.S. Publications.

10.Stagg and El-Abiad, “Computer Methods in Power System

Analysis” Tata Mc Graw Hill

11.Kothari & Nagrath, “Modern Power System Analysis” Tata Mc. Graw Hill.

Text Books: Reference Books:
1. S. S. Rao, “Switchgear and Protection”, Khanna Publishers.

2. B. Ravindranath and M. Chander, Power system Protection and Switchgear,Wiley Eastern Ltd.


3.B. Ram and D. N. Vishwakarma, “Power System Protection and Switchgear”, Tata Mc. Graw Hill

4.Y. G. Paithankar and S R Bhide, “Fundamentals of Power System Protection”, PrenticeHall of India.

5.T.S.M Rao,“Power System Protection: Static Relays with Microprocessor Applications” TataMacgraw Hill”.

6.A.R. Van C. Warringtaon , “ Protective Relays- Their Theory and Practice, Vol. I & II” JhonWilley & Sons.




Text Books: Reference Books:
1.P.S. Bimbhra “Generalized Theory of Electrical Machines” Khanna Publishers.

2.P.C. Sen “ Principles of Electrical Machines and Power Electronics” John willey & Sons, 2001

3.G.K.Dubey “Fundamentals of Electric Drives” Narosa Publishing House, 2001


4.Cyril G. Veinott “Fractional and Sub-fractional horse power electric motors” McGraw Hill International, 1987

5. M.G. Say “ Alternating current Machines” Pitman & Sons .


Text Books: Reference Books:
1.B.C.Kuo, “Digital Control System”, Saunders College Publishing.

2. M.Gopal, “Digital Control and State Variable Methods”, Tata McGraw Hill.


3.J.R.Leigh, “Applied Digital Control”, Prentice Hall, International

4.C.H. Houpis and G.B.Lamont, “Digital Control Systems:Theory, hardware, Software”, Mc Graw Hill.


Text Books: Reference Books:
1.S. Salivahanan, “Digital Signal Processing”, McGraw Hill Education (India) Private Limited.

2.Oppenheim A.V., Schafer, Ronald W. & Buck, John R,”Discrete Time Signal processing”, Pearson Education .


3.Proakis, J.G. & Manolakis, D.G.,” Digital Signal Processing: Principles Algorithms and Applications”, Prentice Hall of India.

4.Rabiner, L.R. and Gold B., “Theory and applications of DSP”, Prentice Hall of India.

5.Oppenheim, Alan V. & Willsky, Alan S. , “Signals and Systems” , Prentice Hall of India, 2nd Edition

6.Johnson, J.R. , “Introduction to Digital Signal Processing”, Prentice Hall of India.

Text Books: Reference Books:
1.Kumar Satish, “Neural Networks” Tata Mc Graw Hill

2.S. Rajsekaran & G.A. Vijayalakshmi Pai, “Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithm: Synthesis and Applications” Prentice Hall of India.

3.Siman Haykin, “Neural Netowrks” Prentice Hall of India

4.Timothy J. Ross, “Fuzzy Logic with Engineering Applications” Wiley India.


Text Books:
1. G.Sreenivasan, “Power Theft”, PHI Learning Private Limited

2. Amlan Chakrabarti, “Energy Engineering and Management ”, PHI Learning Private Limited

3. W R Murphy, G Mckay, ‘Energy Management’ B.S. Publications.

Text Book: Reference Books:
1.M. S. Naidu and V. Kamaraju, “High Voltage Engineering, McGraw Hill Education (India) Private Limited.


2.E. Kuffel and W. S. Zacngal, High Voltage Engineering”, Pergamon Press.

3.R. S. Jha, “High Voltage Engineering”, Dhanpat Rai & sons

4.C. L. Wadhwa, “High Voltage Engineering”, Wiley Eastern Ltd.

5.M. Khalifa,’ High Voltage Engineering Theory and Practice,’ Marcel Dekker.

6.Subir Ray,’ An Introduction to High Voltage Engineering’ Prentice Hall of India.

1. G.C. Barney / Intelligent Instrumentation / Prentice Hall.

2. A.S. Moris / Principles of Measurement & Instrumentation / Prentice Hall.

3. H. S. kalsi, “Electronic Instrumentation”, McGraw Hill Education (India) Private Limited.

4. S. Gupta , J.P. Gupta / PC interfacing for Data Acquisition & Process Control, 2nd ED./ Instrument Society of America, 1994.

5. Gary Johnson / Lab VIEW Graphical Programing II Edition / McGraw Hill.


Text Books: Reference Books:
1.K. Sawhney, “A Course in Electrical Machine Design” Dhanpat Rai & Sons.

2.K.G. Upadhyay,“ Conventional and Computer Aided Design of Electrical Machines” Galgotia Publications.


3.M.G. Say, “The Performance and Design of AC Machines” Pitman & Sons.

4.A.E. Clayton and N.N. Hancock, “The Performance and Design of D.C.Machines” Pitman & Sons.

5.S.K. Sen, “Principle of Electrical Machine Design with Computer Programming” Oxford and IBM Publications.



Text Books: Reference Books:
1.Ali Keyhani, Mohammad N. Marwali, Min Dai “Integration of Green and Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems”, Wiley

2.Clark W. Gellings, “The Smart Grid: Enabling Energy Efficiency and Demand Response”, CRC Press

3.Janaka Ekanayake, Nick Jenkins, Kithsiri Liyanage, Jianzhong Wu, Akihiko Yokoyama, “Smart Grid: Technology and Applications”, Wiley

4.Jean Claude Sabonnadière, Nouredine Hadjsaïd, “Smart Grids”, Wiley Blackwell 19

5.Stuart Borlase, “Smart Grids (Power Engineering)”, CRC Press.


1.Andres Carvallo, John Cooper, “The Advanced Smart Grid: Edge Power Driving Sustainability: ”, Artech House Publishers July 2011.

2.James Northcote, Green, Robert G. Wilson “Control and Automation of Electric Power Distribution Systems (Power Engineering)”, CRC Press.

3.Mladen Kezunovic, Mark G. Adamiak, Alexander P. Apostolov, Jeffrey George Gilbert “Substation Automation (Power Electronics and Power Systems)”, Springer.

4.R. C. Dugan, Mark F. McGranghan, Surya Santoso, H. Wayne Beaty, “Electrical Power System Quality”, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill Publication.



Note: – At least 10 experiments should be performed out of which 3 should be simulation based.

(A) Hardware Based:

  1. To determine direct axis reactance (xd) and quadrature axis reactance (xq) of a salient pole alternator.
  2. To determine negative and zero sequence reactances of an alternator.
  3. To determine sub transient direct axis reactance (xd) and sub transient quadrature axis

reactance (xq) of an alternator

  1. To determine fault current for L-G, L-L, L-L-G and L-L-L faults at the terminals of an

alternator at very low excitation

  1. To study the IDMT over current relay and determine the time current characteristics
  2. To study percentage differential relay
  3. To study Impedance, MHO and Reactance type distance relays
  4. To determine location of fault in a cable using cable fault locator
  5. To study ferranty effect and voltage distribution in H.V. long transmission line using

transmission line model.

  1. To study operation of oil testing set.

Simulation Based Experiments (using MATLAB or any other software)

  1. To determine transmission line performance.
  2. To obtain steady state, transient and sub-transient short circuit currents in an alternator
  3. To obtain formation of Y-bus and perform load flow analysis
  4. To perform symmetrical fault analysis in a power system
  5. To perform unsymmetrical fault analysis in a power system

Text Books:-

  1. Hasdi Sadat, “Power System Analysis” Tata Mc.Graw Hill.
  2. T. K. Nagsarskar & M.S. Sukhija,’ Power System Analysis’ Oxford Universitry Press.



  1. Design of Single phase transformer.
  2. Design of Three phase transformer.
  3. Design of Single phase Induction Motor.
  4. Design of Three phases Induction Motor.
  5. Design of DC motor.
  6. Design of DC generator.
  7. Design of Single phase alternator.
  8. Design of three phase alternator.
  9. Design of Synchronous Motor.
  10. Design of lag, lead and lag-lead compensator.

Text Books:-

  1. A.K. Sawhney, “A Course in Electrical Machine Design” Dhanpat Rai & Sons.
  2. M.G. Say, “The Performance and Design of AC Machines” Pitman & Sons.
  3. D.P. Kothari & I J Nagrath, “Electric Machine”, McGraw Hill Education (India) Private Limited, Sigma Series.
  4. S.K. Bhattacharya, “Electrical Machine”, McGraw Hill Education (India) Private Limited.
  5. Bhag S, Guru and Huseyin R.Hiziroglu, “ Electric machinery and Transformers”, Oxford University Press.