Module – 1:
Properties of fluids: Ideal and real fluid. Newtonian and non Newtonian fluid, Pressure and its measurement, Pascal’s law, pressure forces on plane and curved surfaces, centre of pressure, buoyancy, Meta centre and Meta centric height, condition of floatation and stability of submerged and floating bodies.
Module – 2:
Kinematics of fluid flow: Lagrangian and Eulerian description of fluid motion, continuity equation, path lines, streak lines and stream lines, stream function, velocity potential and flow net. Types of fluid flow, translation, rotation, circulation and vorticity, Vortex motion; Dynamics of fluid flow, Bernoulli’s theorem,
venturimeter, orifice meter and nozzle, siphon.
Module – 3:
Laminar flow: Stress strain relationships, flow between infinite parallel plates both plates fixed, , average velocity; Laminar and turbulent flow in pipes, general equation for head loss Darcy, Equation, Minor and major hydraulic losses through pipes and fittings, flow through network of pipes, hydraulic gradient and
energy gradient; Chezy’s formula for loss of head in pipes, Flow through simple and compound pipes.
Module – 4:
Dimensional analysis and similitude: Rayleigh’s method and Buckingham’s `Pi’ theorem, types of similarities, dimensionless numbers.
Introduction to fluid machinery, Centrifugal pump – construction work done, heads and its efficiencies, NPSH, priming. Reciprocating pump and its working, slip and classification.