Fluid Properties: Viscosity, Newton’s Law of viscosity, Kinematic Viscosity, Rheological Diagram, Euler Equation and its application, Derivation of Bernoulli Equation from Euler Equation, Applications of Bernoulli’s Theorem, Pascal’s Law, Hydrostatic Law. Measurement of Pressure: Definition of Gauge and & Absolute Pressure, Barometer, Various Manometers (Peizometer, U-tube manometer, Single column manometers, U-tube & Inverted U-tube differential manometers) & their industrial applications.
Unit II: Flow Measuring Equipment: Head Flow Meters, Nozzel Meter, Orifice Meter, Venturi Meter, Area Flow Meters, Rotameter, Pitot Tube & Applications of these equipments. Pipe fittings, major and minor losses in pipe flow, Calculation of Pressure Drop in a Pipe, Equivalent Length & ‘K’ factor, Methods of finding
dimensional numbers – methods of governing equations, Method of force ratios and Buckingham’s π method. Reciprocating pump & its applications. Centrifugal Pumps and its applications.
Conduction and Convection Introduction. Basic concepts of conduction in solids, liquids and gases, One and two dimensional heat conduction. Critical and optimum insulation thickness. Introduction to unsteady state heat transfer. Principles of convection, Equations of forced and free convection, Heat flow due to conduction & convection .Radiation: Basic laws of heat transfer by radiation, black body and gray body concepts, solar radiations, combined heat transfer coefficients by convection and radiation. Heat Transfer Equipments: Double pipe, Shell & tube and Plate type heat exchanger, Evaporator, Condenser.
Unit IV : Diffusion: Fick’s Law, steady state diffusion: Rectangular, cylindrical, spherical (1-D); diffusion with reaction, both at surfaces, and in the bulk medium.Transient conduction and diffusion: Basics of Fourier analysis, unsteady state conduction and diffusion (1-D), transient conduction/diffusion with generation/reaction.
Mass transfer coefficients, Mass transfer in fluidized bed reactor, flow past solids and boundary layers, Simultaneous heat and mass transfer system .Mass transport in Biomedical and Biological Engineering: Haemodialysis, Diffusion and uptake of ligands by cells, oxygen transport in tissue and capillaries.