Thermodynamic Laws and Property Relations: Laws of
thermodynamics and their applications; PVT behaviour of pure
substances; PVT behaviour of mixtures; Generalized equations
of state;Joule’s experiment; Carnot cycle and Carnot theorems;
Thermodynamic property relations; Maxwell relations; Partial
derivatives and Jacobian method; Residual properties; Partial
molar properties; Excess properties of mixtures; Thermodynamic property tables and diagrams,
Properties of Solutions and Phase Equilibria: Criteria for
equilibrium between phases in multi component non-reacting
systems in terms of chemical potential and fugacity;
Application of phase rule; Vapour-liquid equilibrium; Phase
diagrams for homogeneous systems and for systems with a miscibility gap; Effect of temperature and pressure on azeotrope composition; Liquid-liquid equilibrium; Ternary liquid liquid equilibrium.
Correlation and Prediction of Phase Equilibria: Activity
coefficient; Composition models; thermodynamic consistency of phase equilibria; Application of the correlation and prediction of phase equilibria in systems of engineering interest particularly to distillation and liquid extraction processes.
Chemical Reaction Equilibria: Definition of standard state; standard free energy change and reaction equilibrium constant; evaluation of reaction equilibrium constant; prediction of free energy data; equilibria in chemical reactors, calculation of equilibrium compositions for homogeneous chemical reactors; thermodynamic analysis of simultaneous reactions.
Refrigeration: Principles of refrigeration; methods of producing refrigeration; liquefaction process; coefficient of performance; evaluation of the performance of vapour compression and gas refrigeration cycles.