Scope of Study of building Materials: building materials and their performance, economics of the building materials.
Stones: Requirement of good building stone, characteristics of building stone sand their testing. Common building stones.
Bricks: Manufacturing process of clay bricks, classification of clay bricks. Properties of clay bricks, testing methods for clay bricks. Problems of efflorescence & lime bursting in bricks & tiles. Different types of bricks.
Gypsum: properties of gypsum plaster, building products made of gypsum and their uses.
Cement: Raw materials used, Process of Manufacturing, Chemical composition, compounds formed and their effect on strength, Types of cement, Testing of cement properties, Uses of cement.
Cement Concrete: Constituent materials and their properties, Grades of concrete, Factors affecting strength, Properties of concrete at fresh and hardened stage, Testing of concrete,
Methods of Curing of concrete.
Pozzolona: Chemical composition and requirements for uses, Natural and Artificial flyash, Surkhi (burnt clay pozzolona), rice husk and ash pozzolona, properties and specifications for use
Timber: Classification and identification of timber, Fundamental Engineering, Properties of timber, Defects in timber, Factor affecting strength of timber, Methods of seasoning and preservation of timber. Wood based products.
Asphalt: Bitumen and Tar: Terminology, specifications and uses, Bituminous materials.
Plastics: classification, advantages of plastics, Mechanical properties and use of plastic in construction.
Paints, varnishes and distempers: Common constituents, types and desirable properties, Cement paints.
Ferrous metals: Desirable characteristics of reinforcing steel.
Principles of cold working. Strength ,Telemechanical, physical Properties and chemical composition. Brief discussion on properties and uses of Aluminum and lead. Glass: Ingredients,
properties types and use in construction. Insulating Materials: Thermal and sound insulating material, desirable properties and types.
Building Construction: Components of building area considerations, Construction Principle and Methods for layout, Damp proofing, anti termite treatment in buildings, Vertical
circulation: stair cases and their types and planning. Different types of floors, and flooring materials .Bricks and stone masonry construction. Cavity wall & hollow block construction.
Doors and Windows: Construction details, types of doors and windows and their relative advantages & disadvantages. Types of roof and roof treatments, Lintel sand Chhajja, Principles of building Planning.
Natural Ventilation, Water Supply and Sanitary fittings (Plumbing), Electric Fittings. Heating Ventilation & Air conditioning (HVAC), Mechanical Lifts and Escalators, Fire Fighting and Fire Protection of Buildings. Acoustics. Plastering and its types, pointing, Distempering, Colour washing, Painting etc. Principles & Methods of building maintenance.