Characteristics of water: Physical, chemical and biological standards. Theory, Operation and design of aeration system, sedimentation, coagulation, and clariflocculation. Design of
Filtration: Slow and rapid gravity filter, multi-media filters and pressure filters. Design of slow sand filter and rapid sand filter. Disinfection: theory and application of chlorine. Miscellaneous
methods of water treatment- removal of iron and manganese, hardness, fluorides, colour, taste and odour, dissolved metals and gases.
Adsorption, ion-exchange, membrane processes. Operation and Maintenance of water treatment plants, Industrial water treatment.
Water Supply Engineering: Water demand, design period, population forecasting, sources of water; hydrological concepts, ground-water and its development.
Conveyance of water; pipe materials, corrosion, laying of pipes, pipe appurtenances, pumps for water supply, distribution system, planning of water supply projects. Design of water distribution
network. Rural water supply distribution system