Solid waste: Public health and ecological impacts, Sources and types of solid wastes, material flow and waste generation, Functional elements: Waste generation, storage, collection, Transfer and transport, processing and recovery, disposal. Physical and chemical composition of municipal solid waste, integrated solid waste management, hierarchy of waste management options, different methods for generation rates. Storage: movable bins, fixed bins. Collection: home to home collection, community bin system. Theory and design of hauled container system, stationary container system.
Transportation: handcart, tri-cycle, animal cart, tripper truck, dumper placer, bulk refuse carrier, railroad transport, water transport, conveyors, layout of routes. Engineering system for on-site handling and processing of solid waste: separators, size reduction equipments, screening equipments, densification, baling, cubing, pelleting equipments.
Landfilling: Site selection criteria, landfill layout, landfill sections, Occurrence of gases and leachate in landfills: composition and characteristics, generation factors, initial adjustment phase, transition phase, acid formation phase, methane formation phase, maturation phase of gases and leachate, Introduction to engineered landfills.
Composting, types of composting, process description, design and operational consideration of aerobic composting, process description, design and operational consideration of anaerobic composting. Thermal conversion technologies: incineration and pyrolysis system, energy recovery, system. Overview of solid waste management practices in India.
Introduction to Hazardous wastes, Definition of Hazardous waste, The magnitude of the problem; Hazardous waste: Risk assessment, Environmental legislation, Characterization and site assessment, Waste minimization and resource recovery, Transportation of hazardous waste, Disposal of hazardous waste.
Introduction to Electronic waste and Biomedical waste and their disposal.