Introduction to Power Quality: Terms and definitions of transients, Long duration Voltage Variations: under Voltage, Under Voltage and Sustained Interruptions; Short Duration Voltage Variations: interruption, Sag, Swell; Voltage Imbalance; Notching D C offset, waveform distortion; voltage fluctuation; power frequency variations.
Voltage Sag: Sources of voltage sag: motor starting, arc furnace, fault clearing etc; estimating voltage sag performance and principle of its protection; solutions at end user level- Isolation Transformer, Voltage Regulator, Static UPS, Rotary UPS, and Active Series Compensator.
Electrical Transients: Sources of Transient Over voltages- Atmospheric and switching transients- motor starting transients, pf
correction capacitor switching transients, ups switching transients, neutral voltage swing etc; devices for over voltage protection.
FACT Systems: Introduction – Terms &Definition,Fact Controllers, Type of FACT devices i.e. SSC, SVC, TSC, SSS, TCSC, UPFC Basic relationship for power flow control.
Harmonics: Causes of harmonics; current and voltage harmonics: measurement of harmonics; effects of harmonics on –Transformers, AC Motors, Capacitor Banks, Cables, and Protection Devices, Energy Metering, Communication Lines etc., Harmonic Mitigation Techniques.